Sweatt v. Painter was a landmark United States Supreme Court case decided in 1950. The case challenged the constitutionality of a Texas law that stipulated separate law schools for Black and White students. The plaintiff, Heman Marion Sweatt, was a Black man who was denied admission to the University of Texas School of Law due to the state's segregation policies. Sweatt argued that the separate law school for Black students was inherently unequal, as it failed to provide the same quality of education and resources as the White law school. The Supreme Court agreed, ruling that separate educational facilities were inherently unequal and violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Sweatt v. Painter marked one of the first times the Supreme Court declared segregation in education unconstitutional.