Congress of Racial Equality (1942) 

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded in 1942 to promote nonviolent resistance to segregationist laws during the Civil Rights Movement. Originating in Chicago, CORE was active in several pivotal moments of the Civil Rights Era, such as supporting Martin Luther King’s Montgomery Bus Boycott, organizing various sit-ins across Chicago restaurants, assisting in the Voter Education Project, and kickstarting the Journey of Reconciliation to ensure the enactment of integrated interstate bus travel across the country. CORE had avid social justice activists such as Bayard Rustin among its ranks and actively collaborated with Martin Luther King. However, its involvement with the Freedom Rides would leave it overexposed to violence, eventually disillusioning its members regarding the effectiveness of nonviolence. 


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