Niagara Movement & the NAACP (1905 & 1909)

The forerunner to the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Niagara Movement was a meeting between prominent Black intellectuals such as W.E.B DuBois at Niagara Falls, Ontario. The scholars who convened at this meeting called for the end of racial discrimination and segregation. At the meeting, they drafted the "Declaration of Principles," which asserted their belief in the equality of races. The group continued until 1908, after which the NAACP formed.


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