For two weeks in August of 1829, Cincinnati witnessed violence provoked by a White mob that attempted to run out the city's Black population. A mob of White residents, many Irish immigrants, attacked Black residents, burning down their homes and assaulting many. More than 1000 Black residents fled the city by the end of the riots, some seeking refuge in nearby towns and others fleeing to Canada. The riots were provoked by racial tensions, mainly between poor Whites and Irish immigrants and low-income free Blacks and freedom seekers. The competition for low-income housing and unskilled wage labor jobs led to racial tensions escalating, ultimately leading to violence against the Black population.