EMANCIPATION TIMELINE

In Honor of Juneteenth 2021 

 

1776     Black Loyalists: British Army offered freedom to enslaved who left rebel owners.

 

1781     New York State Legislature voted to free enslaved who had fought for three years in the American Revolutionary War

 

1799     New York State law for gradual abolition. Children born to enslaved mothers required to work as indentured servants - men until age 28 and women until age 25.

 

1817     March 31: Abolition Act: New York State Legislature abolished slavery effective 7-4-1827.

 

1827     July 4: Slavery abolished in New York State which freed all slaves born before July 4, 1799. Children were still bound to work as indentured servants.

 

1862     July 22: President Abraham Lincoln shared with the Cabinet his first draft of his Executive Order for Emancipation Proclamation.

 

1862     September 22: President Abraham Lincoln presented a revised draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to the Cabinet ordering that in 100 days the government would “deem all slaves free in those states still rebelling against the Union.”

 

1862     December 31: People waited through the night checking to confirm that Lincoln would issue the proclamation the next day as he had declared he would do.

 

1863     January 1: Emancipation Proclamation announced.  Enslaved in the rebellious states were freed.

 

1865     January 31: Thirteenth Amendment to U.S. Constitution passed by Congress

 

1865     Civil War Ends:

April 9:                 Confederate Military Surrender at Appomattox. 

                April 26:              Confederate Military Surrender in North Carolina

                May 4:                  Confederate Military Surrender in Alabama

                May 9:                  Confederate Military Surrender at Gainesville 

                May 12:               Confederate Military Surrender at Brownsville

                May 26                 Confederate Military Surrender at Galveston

 

1865     June 19: Union soldiers led by Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger arrived at Galveston, Texas, with 

the news that the Civil War had ended and that the people who remained enslaved in Confederate territories were free. 

 

1865     December 6: Thirteenth Amendment ratified by the needed 27 (of 36) states 

 

1865     December 18: Thirteenth Amendment proclaimed:

AMENDMENT XIII ABOLITION of SLAVERY

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

 

2020     July 22: New York State Assembly passed legislation establishing Abolition Commemoration Day to be observed the second Monday of July. (A.10831) (S.8598)

 

2020     July 22: New York State Assembly passed legislation recognizing Juneteenth as a public holiday in New York State (A.10628)

 

2021     June 16: U.S. House of Representatives overwhelming passed the bill for Juneteenth Independence Day to be a federal holiday.


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